Our Work

Projects of Note:

We provide our clients with technical expertise including evaluations, assessment, review of methodologies, and strategic recommendations. We assist with research providing leadership, methodologies, reviews and guidance. Below are a few of our projects representing the type of work we do to support our clients.

Project: HIV infection in young people.

Client: Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation

We were tasked to provide technical expertise regarding Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention and treatment among young people and suggested possible community based research on enablers and barriers to successful implementation of programmes. We provided educational resources to support this initiative.

Project : Telehealth Evaluation

Client: Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation

We were tasked with the evaluation of the use of Telehealth in the prevention of HIV. We presented a case for use of telehealth services

Project: Technical support to strengthen research capacity

Client: Higher Education AIDS Programme

We are tasked to provide technical support aimed at strengthening the research capacity of the organization in the area of HIV/AIDS. This is done specifically for Universities, Technical , Vocational Education and Training Centers.

Project: Evaluation of proposals to establish Centers for Excellence in Health, Education and Food Security

Client:The Inter-University Council for East Africa and the World Bank.

Working with the Eastern and Southern Africa Higher Education Center for Excellence (ACE II), we conducted an evaluation of proposals to establish Centers for Excellence in Health, Education and Food Security. Through our evaluation we were able to provide strategic guidance.

Project: Community Survey 2016 Assessment

Client:Statistics South Africa

We were tasked with providing an in depth assessment of the reliability and validity of the 2016 Community Survey.  We provided technical review of the methodology used to conduct the survey and an evaluation of the data obtained. The final report included the evaluation of the data to determine if it was fit for its purpose.



Dr Shisana has undertaken public health research in the areas of substance abuse, maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, national health insurance, gender and poverty in one of the following places: United States, SADC countries, Sub-Saharan Africa and global work through BRICS. Some of the projects are listed below:

Shisana, O. Low Birthweight Attributable to Smoking and Alcohol Consumption in the District of Columbia 1989, D.C. Government Statistical Note:90, January 1991.

Broomberg, J., and Shisana, O (1995): Report of the National Health Insurance System for South Africa, prepared for the Minister of Health in South Africa.

Shisana, O. 2002. Epidemiological summary of HIV/AIDS in countries in the SADC region. HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa: A review paper. Report for the W. K. Kellogg Foundation. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, 2002

Shisana, O. 2002. SADC Policy on HIV/AIDS in “HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa: A review paper. Report for the W. K. Kellogg Foundation.” Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council, 2002

Nelson Mandela/HSRC Study of HIV/AIDS (2002b). South African National HIV Prevalence, Behavioural Risks and Mass Media Household Survey 2002 – Executive Summary. (Principal Investigator: O. Shisana & Project Director: L. Simbayi). Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council Publishers (ISBN 0-7969-2007-9).

Shisana, O., Hall E, Maluleke RK, et al. Impact of HIV/AIDS on the South African Health Sector: National Survey of Health Personnel, Ambulatory and Hospitalised Patients, and Health Facilities 2002 (2003), Department of Health, (ISBN 1-875017-85-2).


Rehle T & Shisana O (2005) The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality: A study focusing on educators in South African public schools. Cape Town: HSRC Press


Shisana, O., Rehle T, Simbayi LC, Parker W, Zuma K, Bhana A, Connolly C, Jooste S, Pillay V, et al (2005) South African National HIV prevalence, HIV Incidence, Behaviour and Communication Survey. Cape Town, HSRC Press.

Shelton, J. D., Servaes, J., Shisana, O., Simbayi, L. C., Rehle, T., Zungu, N. P., & Zuma, K. (2007). Ten myths and one truth about generalised HIV epidemics. Lancet, 370(9602), 1809-1811.

Institute of Medicine report Methodological Challenges in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials (Committee member) February 2008

Shisana O, Rehle T, Simbayi LC, et al. South African National HIV Prevalence, HIV Incidence,Behavioural and Communications Survey, 2008. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council Publishers, 2009.

Shisana, O, Zungu N, Pezi S: Poverty and HIV and AIDS in HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On Psychosocial Perspectives Rohleder, P.; Swartz, L.; Kalichman, S.C.; Simbayi, L.C. (Eds) 2009.

Shisana, O., Simbayi, L.C., Rehle, T., Zungu, N.P., Zuma, K., Ngogo, N., Jooste, S., Pillay-van Wyk, V., Parker, W., Pezi, S., Davids, A., Nwanyanwu, O., Dinh, T.H. & SABSSM III Implementation Team, (2010) South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behaviour and communication survey, 2008: the health of our children. Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Shisana O, Labadarios D, Rehle T, Simbayi L, Zuma K, Dhansay A, Reddy P, Parker W, Hoosain E, Naidoo P, Hongoro C, Mchiza Z, Steyn NP, Dwane N, Makoae M, Maluleke T, Ramlagan S, Zungu N, Evans MG, Jacobs L, Faber M, & SANHANES-1 Team (2013) South African National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (SANHANES-1). Cape Town: HSRC Press

Shisana O, Rehle T, Simbayi LC, Zuma K, Jooste S, Zungu N, Labadarios D, Onoya D et al. (2014) South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012. Cape Town: HSRC Press

A selected list of publications shows that the knowledge Dr Shisana produced was disseminated internationally:


Shisana, O. and Celentano, D.D.: Relationship of chronic stress, social support, and coping style to health among Namibian refugees. Soc Sci Med. 1987;24(2):145-57.


Shisana. O. and Celentano, D.D.: Depressive Symptomatology among Namibian Refugees. Depressive symptomatology among Namibian adolescent refugees. Soc Sci Med. 1985;21(11):1251-7.


Ahmed, F, Shisana, O. and Saadatmand, F. Leading Causes of Infant Mortality in the District of Columbia. Journal of the National Medical Association, 83:1-9, 1991.


Shisana, O. Cuban doctors in South Africa. Lancet 1996 May 25:347(9013): 1488.


Shisana, O, Cameron, Hausler H and Matji R. South Africa and Tuberculosis. RT International, Fall 1997.


Shisana, O. Social health insurance and tax-based funding of health. In South African Medical Journal, December 2001, Vol. 91, No.12, pp. 1048


Rehle, T. and Shisana, O. Epidemiological and Demographic HIV/AIDS Projections: South Africa, in African Journal of AIDS Research 2003. 2(1):1-8.


Shisana O, Stoker D, Simbayi LC, Orkin M, Bezuidenhout F, Jooste SE, Colvin M, van Zyl J: South African national household survey of HIV/AIDS prevalence, behavioural risks and mass media impact – detailed methodology and response rate result. South African Medical Journal April 2004, Vol. 94, No. 4


Shisana O, Zungu-Dirwayi N, Toefy Y, Simbayi LC, Malik S, Zuma K.: Marital status and risk of HIV infection in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 2004 Jul;94(7):537-43.


Connolly, C. Shisana, O, Colvin M. and Stoker J: Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Results of a national community-based survey. S Afr Med J. 2004;94(9):776-781.
Kleintjes, Sr Peltze, KR, Shisana, O C I Niang, J R Seager, L C Simbayi and D C Kaseje: Report and policy brief: 2nd Annual Conference on Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research, Cape Town, 9 – 12 May 2004 (pp. 62 – 77). Vol. 1, No. 2 (2004)


Simbayi LC, Chauveau J and Shisana, O: Behavioural response of South African youth to the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a nationwide survey, AIDS Care 2004, July; 16(5):605-18


Shisana, O, Hall E.J., Maluleke, R, Chauveau J and Schwabe, C: HIV prevalence among South African health workers. South African Medical Journal.(2004) Vol 94 (10), 846-850


Shisana, O. and Davids A: Correcting gender inequalities is central to controlling HIV/AIDS Bulletin of the World Health Organization, November 2004,82(11), 812

Rehle, T. & Shisana, O. (2005) Estimates of eligibility for antiretroviral treatment (ART) and projected ART impact on AIDS mortality among South African educators. SAHARA J, Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, 2(3), 304-310.

Shisana, O., Simbayi, L.C. , Magome, K. , Skinner, D., Mkhabela, B., Mtero-Munyati, S., Mundondo, J., Tsheko, G.N., Matlaku, T. and The Southern Africa OVC Care Interventions Project Research Team: The use of implementation research networks on orphans and vulnerable children to encourage research driven policies: The case of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, December 2006; 1(3): 230–245


Niang, CI, Shisana, O, Andrews, G, Kaseje, D, Simbayi, L, Peltzer, K, Toefy Y. New approaches, new activities and new outcomes in international conferences on HIV/AIDS in Africa-Report of the 3rd African Conference on Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Dakar, 10-14 October 2005. SAHARA J, August 2006 Vol 3(2):424-435


Shisana, O, Rehle, T, Louw, J, Zungu-Dirwayi, N, Dana, P & Rispel L: Public perceptions on national health insurance: Moving towards universal health coverage in South Africa. SAMJ, Sept 2006, Vol. 96(9):814-818


Shisana,  O. & Louw, J (2006).  Translating research into policy:   the  case of orphans and vulnerable children in Southern Africa. SAHARA Journal, Vol 3 (2): 450-456


Shisana, O. High HIV/AIDS prevalence among health workers requires urgent action,

SAMJ, February 2007, Vol 97 (2): 108-109


Rehle, T, Shisana, O, Parker, W, Pillay V, Puren, A: National incidence measures: new insights into the South African epidemic SAMJ, March 2007, Vol 97 (3): 194-199


Zungu-Dirwayi N, Shisana O.; Louw J; Dana, P. Social determinants for HIV prevalence among South African educators. AIDS Care, November 2007; 19(10): 1296_1303


Shisana, O. High HIV/AIDS prevalence among health workers requires urgent action, February 2007, Vol. 97, No. 2 SAMJ


Edigheji, O, Shisana, O and Masilela: Envisioning a democratic developmental state in South Africa. Agenda Issue 31, third quarter, 2008


Shisana O, Connoly C, Rehle, TM, Mehtar S, Dana P: HIV risk exposure among South African children in public health facilities. AIDS Care. 2008 Aug;20(7):755-63.


Shisana, O. Bridging South Africa’s Second Economy. New Agenda First quarter 2008.


Mehtar, S, Shisana, O, Mosala, M, Gxamza, F,& Dunbar, F Infection control practices in public dental care services—findings from one South African Province. Journal of Hospital Infection. Vol 66(1) , May 2007; pp 65-70


Wamai RG, Weiss HA, Hankins C, Agot K, Karim, QA, Shisana, O, et al, Male circumcision is an efficacious lasting and cost-effective strategy for combating HIV in high prevalence AIDS epidemics: Time to Move beyond Debating the Science:, Future HIV Therapy, 2008, 2 (5).


Rochat T, Richter, L, Shisana, O: ‘What now, what next?’ Reflecting on the vulnerability of chidlren and youth in the context of human immunodeficiencey virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Vulnerable children and Youth Studies, August 2008, 3 (2); 85-91:


Sherr, L, Fishbein M, Spire B, Moatti, JP, Shisana, O, Prince B, Catalan J, Hedge, B, van den Boom: Editorial: Contexts and complexity-special considerations in HIV and social science. AIDS care. Vol 20(5) Mary 2008: 507-508


Shisana O, Rehle T, Louw J, Zungu-Dirwayi N, Dana, P, Rispel L: Public perceptions on national health insurance: Moving towards universal health coverage in South Africa. September 2006, Vol. 96, No. 9 SAMJ


Rehle T & Shisana, O: National population-based HIV surveys – the method of choice for measuring the HIV epidemic. September 2009, Vol. 99, No. 9 SAMJ


Peltzer, K., Shisana, O., Zuma, K., Van Wyk, B. & Zungu-Dirwayi, N. (2009) Job stress, job satisfaction and stress-related illnesses among South African educators. Stress and Health. 25:247-257.


Shisana, O., Rice, K., Zungu, N. & Zuma, K. (2010) Gender and poverty in South Africa in the era of HIV/AIDS: a quantitative study. Journal of Women’s Health.19(1):39-46


Rehle TM, Hallett TB, Shisana O, Pillay-van Wyk V, Zuma K, et al. (2010) A Decline in New HIV Infections in South Africa: Estimating HIV Incidence from Three National HIV Surveys in 2002, 2005 and 2008. PLoS ONE 5(6): e11094. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011094
Patel, S.V., Shisana, O., Kim, E., Hakim, A., Brewinsky, M., Kissin, D., Zapata, L., Murrill, C., Nwanyanwu, O., Rehle, T. & Lindegren, M.L. (2010) Filling a gap: HIV paediatric surveillance in resource constrained settings. Journal of HIV/AIDS Surveillance & Epidemiology. 2(1):Online.


Evans, M. & Shisana, O. (2012) Gender differences in public perceptions on National Health Insurance. South African Medical Journal. 102(12):918-924.


Venter F, Rees H, Pillay Y, Simelela N, Mbengashe TM, Geffen N, Conradie F, Shisana O, Rech D, Serenata C, Taljaard D, Gray G. (2012), The medical proof doesn’t get much better than VMMC, South African Medical Journal.102(3 Pt 1):124-5; discussion 125-6.


Airhihenbuwa CO, Shisana O, Zungu N, BeLue R, Makofani DM, Shefer T, Smith E, Simbayi L. Research capacity building: a US-South African partnership. Glob Health Promot. 2011 Jun;18(2):27-35.


Shisana, O, Rehle, T, Simbayi LC, Zuma, K, Jooste, S, Zungu N, Labadarios, D,

Onoya, D et al. (2014) South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012. Cape Town, HSRC Press.


Onoya D, Zuma K, Zungu N, Shisana O, Mehlomakhulu V.: Determinants of multiple sexual partnerships in South Africa. J Public Health (Oxf). 2014 Mar 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Publications since EBS was established

  • Risher, K., Rehle, T., Simbayi, L., Shisana, O. and Celentano, D.D., 2015. Antiretroviral treatment and sexual risk behavior in South Africa. AIDS and Behavior, pp. 1-7.
  • Shisana, O., Zungu, N., Evans, M., Risher, K., Rehle, T. and Celentano, D., 2015. The case for expanding the definition of key populations’ to include high-risk groups in the general population to improve targeted HIV prevention efforts. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 105 (8), pp. 664-669.
  • Zuma, K., Shisana, O., Rehle, T.M., Simbayi, L.C., Jooste, S., Zungu, N., Labadarios, D., Onoya, D., Evans, M., Moyo, S. and Abdullah, F., 2016. New insights into HIV epidemic in South Africa: key findings from the National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012. African Journal of AIDS Research, 15 (1), pp. 67-75.
  • Wabiri, N., Shisana, O., Zuma, K. and Freeman, J., 2016. Assessing the spatial nonstationarity in relationship between local patterns of HIV infections and the covariates in South Africa: A Geographically Weighted Regression Analysis. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology.
  • Wabiri N, Chersich M, Shisana O, Blaauw D, Rees H, Dwane N. Growing inequities in maternal health in South Africa: a comparison of serial national household surveys. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016 Sep 1;16:256. doi: 10.1186/s12884-016-1048-z.
  • Mayer, K.H., Shisana, O. and Beyrer, C., 2016. AIDS 2016: from aspiration to implementation. The Lancet, 387 (10037), p. 2484.
  • Evans, M., Risher, K., Zungu, N., Shisana, O., Moyo, S., Celentano, D.D., Maughan-Brown, B. and Rehle, T.M., 2016. Age-disparate sex and HIV risk for young women from 2002 to 2012 in South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 19(1).


Guest editor


Vulnerable children and youth studies: AIDS impact special issue. Vulnerable children and Youth Studies, August 2008, 3 (2); 85-91:


AIDS care: Special Issue: 8th International Conference on Biopsychosocial Aspects of HIV infection. AIDS care Vol 20 (4) April 2008